There seem to be some confusing beliefs between Yard Moves and Personal Conveyance with some Commercial Motor Vehicle (CMV) drivers when using an Electric Logging Device (ELD). It’s important to know the difference to avoid misuse of moves recorded by each driver’s ELD that can result in penalties or fines.
The Yard Move option is used when a CMV move is used within a carrier’s enclosed yard with restricted access by the public, within a customer’s yard, or at the lot of a repair shop. Although the yard move is not recorded against the driver’s 11-hour drive window, it is recorded as part of the driver’s 14-hour on-duty window as on-duty-not-driving time. The driver must annotate the ELD to avoid penalties or citations that may adversely affect the carrier’s safety scores and be detrimental to the firm’s business.
Using a CMV as a Personal Conveyance for personal use while the driver is off duty and not moving the shipment closer to its destination. A loaded CMV can be used for personal use as long as it is not being used for commercial benefit during the move.
Carriers may set up their ELDs to enable drivers to log Personal Conveyance moves, but the carrier is not obligated to do so.
Examples of acceptable Personal Conveyance moves are:
What the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) does not allow as a Personal Conveyance:
Moving a CMV to enhance a carrier’s operational readiness.
While in Personal Conveyance mode the ELD does not apply the time against your 11-hour driving shift, but it does record and report it in safety audit. That is why drivers should always annotate the ELD to show the circumstances that required use of Personal Conveyance. Annotating will save your drivers and yourself from facing penalties and adversely affecting safety scores that may lead to lost business. Keep your drivers updated on changes to avoid costly mistakes. Happy Motoring, within regulations.